Bestowed with Himalayan ranges, scenic landscapes, religious sites, and vibrant culture. Traditionally and culturally Himachal is can notice diversity in the culture here.beacuse Himachal is divided geographically in upper and lower Himachal and there are areas bordering China too. [52] One of the Indian government's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky. Himachal Pradesh is famous for its hill stations and beautiful valleys. Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. Himachal Pradesh is known for its endless natural beauty, supreme mountain ranges and several tourist spots. The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Una Himachal railway station to Nagal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. Little you know that more than 90 percent of the state population lives in the rural area and Tourism is one of the most important constituents of the state economy. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar was born on August 4, 1906 in Bhagthan of Sirmour district in Himachal Pradesh. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall. [citation needed], Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. [24][25], Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country,[26] with orchards being widespread. Jai Ram Thakur[36] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[37] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. Western Pahari languages also known as Himachali languages are widely spoken in the state. Read about attractions & activities in Himachal. [115] Non-vegetarian food is more preferred and accepted in Himachal Pradesh than elsewhere in India, partly due to the scarcity of fresh vegetables on the hilly terrain of the state. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. [49], The total GDP for 2005-06 was estimated at ₹254 billion as against ₹230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%. The total route length of the operational railway network in the state is 296.26 kilometres (184.09 mi). Census of India (2011), the states and union territories of India, Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, List of institutions of higher education in Himachal Pradesh, Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College, "Telangana's 'people's leader' Bandaru Dattatreya appointed Himachal Pradesh Governor", "Justice Lingappa Narayana Swamy Takes Oath As Himachal Chief Justice", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Bill to make Sanskrit second official language of HP passed", "Census 2011, Chapter 6 (State of Literacy), p.14", "Himachal becomes India's second 'Open Defecation Free' state, to get Rs 9,000 cr funding from World Bank", "HP least corrupt state: CMS-India study", "Corruption on decline in India; Karnataka ranked most corrupt, Himachal Pradesh least: Survey", "Himachal initiates rs 1134 crore horticultural developmental project", "In Himachal Pradesh Striking gold with marigold", "Wild Life: Himachal Pradesh Forest Department", "Who is Jairam Thakur – front runner for Himachal Pradesh CM post after Prem Kumar Dhumal's shock defeat", "DIVISIONAL COMMISSIONER, Kangra Division, Dharamshala", "MAP (Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies of HP)", "Economic Survey projects Himachal Pradesh's growth rate at 7.7% - Times of India", "Growth rate for Himachal Pradesh estimated at 6.8%", "Final English Budget Speech for 2018–19", "An Overview of Planning in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh: A Profile, Economic Development", "Why Kerala is like Maldives and Uttar Pradesh, Pakistan", "Crop Diversification in Himachal Pradesh: Patterns, Determinants and Challenges", "State specific files, Chapter 57: Himachal Pradesh", "$37 Million Additional Financing for Himachal Pradesh Mid Himalayan Watershed Development Project, India – 18000 Farmer Households to Benefit", "Apple season begins in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh headed for good Apple crop this year", "Production of Apple Increases by About 36% in 2015–16", "Independence Day-2013 Speech by Virbhadra Singh", "While others sweat, Himachal struggles to sell its surplus power", "Himachal's mega 100 Mw hydro power project to be commissioned this month", "Historic pilgrimage trek to Himalayas concludes, five dead", "Himachal Pradesh: Dev Bhoomi, The Land of Gods", "Ice-skating rink completes 100 sessions again", "Top 15 Places To Visit in Himachal Pradesh", "Paragliding World Cup 2015 will be held in India: All you need to know", "India hosts the first ever Paragliding World Cup", "Airfares to Dharamsala skyrocket this weekend", "Complete Una-Hamirpur rail line survey within 6 months: Anurag", "Kangra's narrow gauge rail corridor is all set to get heritage status", "Statewise Length of Railway Lines and Survey For New Railway Lines", "Work on Chandigarh-Baddi railway line to start soon", "With eye on China, India begins work on Himachal-Ladakh rail link", "White Paper on purchase of fleet of buses", "Himachal private bus operators seek hike in fare", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census 2011:Population size and Decadal change", "STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH 2015–16: I – AREA AND POPULATION- Table 1.17 and 1.18, XIII – EDUCATION- Table 13.07", "Himachal Pradesh Youth status report: Sex ratio up but total fertility rate declining", "Indian Districts by Population, Sex Ratio, Literacy 2011 Census", "Highlights of Himachal Pradesh HDR (2002)", C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Himachal Pradesh, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Himachal Pradesh Districts – Religion 2011", "CHAPTER 2: SCHEDULED AREAS AND SCHEDULED TRIBES OF HIMACHAL PRADESH", "Traditional handicrafts and handloom of Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh", "Himcrafts: H.P State Handicrafts and Handloom Corp. Ltd, Shimla", "The Himachali cap: Culture, legacy and heritage", "Cap likely on 'cap politics' in Himachal Pradesh", "PM Modi's cap in Israel takes political hue in Himachal", "Prem Kumar Dhumal, Virbhadra Singh: Tale of two captains, their wins and losses", "Fair Festivals and Events of Himachal Pradesh", "Local and Traditional Himachali Foods and Dishes", "Himachal Pradesh Development Report: Chapter 7 Education", "In Himachal, where 90 per cent people live in villages, female literacy rate touches 80 per cent", "Factual source on Education in Himachal", "Educational Profile of Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan & Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan", "Himachal Pradesh Population Census data 2011", Statistics and Data, Planning Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh, The Official Tourism Site of Himachal Pradesh, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India,, States and territories established in 1971, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with failed verification from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. [76] It is an electrified track since 1999. [6] Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state,[7] though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lies in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR), one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world. [33], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. Himachal Pradesh also hosts a campus of the prestigious fashion college, National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) in Kangra. During the first six five-year plans, most of the development expenditure in education sector was utilised in quantitative expansion, but after the seventh five-year-plan the state government switched emphasis on qualitative improvement and modernisation of education. It is famous for its vivacious headgear, costumes and masks. . At 6,816 m, Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in the state of Himachal Pradesh. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. [64] Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised:[65] The identified hydroelectric potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins[63] while the hydroelectric capacity in 2016 was 10,351 MW. [14] The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 B.C. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world. [10] Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires. The state of Himachal Pradesh, which lies in the Lower Himalayas Range, is a cultural cocktail, and a haven for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts. [95][96], Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. The state is … The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. To address this, a workshop on ‘Endangered Medicinal Plant Species in Himachal Pradesh’ was held in 2002 and the conference was attended by forty experts from diverse disciplines. [51], Himachal Pradesh also ranks as the second-best performing state in the country on human development indicators after Kerala. [15], After independence, the Chief Commissioner's Province of Himachal Pradesh was organised on 15 April 1948 as a result of the integration of 28 petty princely states (including feudal princes and zaildars) in the promontories of the western Himalayas. The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state. The state of Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts[38] which are grouped into three divisions, Shimla, Kangra and Mandi. Folk Songs of Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh has its own identity for its rich culture of music and dance. Himachal Travel Guide with list of things to do, attractions, hotels, & restaurants. [54] It is the main source of income and employment in Himachal. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. [46] The per capita income increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17. [20] The state's winter capital, Dharamsala receives very heavy rainfall, while areas like Lahaul and Spiti are cold and almost rainless. Himachal Pradesh is famous for its hill stations and beautiful valleys. The temple is situated about 170 kilometres from Shimla and is one of 51 Shakti Peethas. [120] In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal became the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child. [99] Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India. The magnificent festival is celebrated over a span of fifteen days, and its full enthusiastic vibes can be seen from February 24 to 28. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. [15], Himachal is in the western Himalayas. Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. The state is endowed with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants. Himachal Pradesh is home to a portion of the quintessential lakes where you can do boating, angling, and numerous other interesting things. Name it, and you will find that this snow Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. There are over 10,000 primary schools, 1,000 secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools in the state. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. [99] Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16% of the state population. Chail is one of the famous hill stations in Himachal Pradesh. [125], The state government has played an instrumental role in the rise of literacy in the state by spending a significant proportion of the state's GDP on education. After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds,[27] roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated. [55] Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. [88] The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. Read on … Hidimba Devi Temple: Famous Religious Spot Of Himachal Pradesh I visited there in February 2018 and believe me or not, it is a famous religious spot of Manali (Himachal). Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. Visit What is Himachal Pradesh famous for - SOTC

Breathtaking Himalayan landscapes, Tibetan Monasteries, and famous hill stations – Chail, Khajjiar lake and Kufri, Himachal Pradesh is famous for this and more.

Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence.